The statistical and/or rule-based modeling of natural language from a computational perspective.
The study of the ways in which languages influence one another when people speaking two or more languages (or dialects) interact.
The work of analyzing and describing how language is spoken.
The study of language change.
The study of the acquisition of language.
The study of morphemes, the smallest units of grammatical meaning, such as inflection and affixes.
The study of the sounds of human speech.
The study of the sound system of a specific language.
The study of the ability of natural language speakers to communicate more than that which is explicitly stated.
The study of the rhythm, stress, and intonation of speech.
The study of the psychological and neurobiological factors that enable humans to acquire, use, and understand language.
The study of aspects of meaning, as expressed in language or other systems of signs.
The study of the effect of any and all aspects of society on the way language is used.
The study of the rules that govern the structure of sentences, and which determine their relative grammaticality.
The study of the classification of languages according to their structural and functional properties.