Greek Name: ἀνδρο-φάγος , ον

Latin Name: Androphagi


Cultural Notes

have a distinct way of life and are not Scythian, speak a distinct language

Geographical Notes

 a people adjacent to Scythia,very far north

Citations in Herodotos

 4.18,  4.100,  4.102,  4.119,  4.125
their customs:  4.106

Key Passages in English Translation


English translation by A. D. Godley. Cambridge. Harvard University Press. 1920. Retreived from <>

Key Passages in Greek


Other Testimonia


Other Commentary

Perseus Encyclopedia:

W. W. How, J. Wells, A Commentary on Herodotos: Neumann (p. 212) thinks that the Androphagi were Finns, quoting evidence that this people were said to practise cannibalism even in the Middle Ages; perhaps they are the ancestors of the Mordvinians, a Finnish tribe still surviving in the Volga basin. This seems more probable than the view of Müllenhoff (u.s.) that they were not really much different from their neighbors, and that the story of their cannibalism is an invention; he quotes, however, several authorities for cannibalism being imputed to northern races, e.g. ARist. Nic. Ethics, vii 5 (1148b) Strabo quotes (302) Ephorus for this cannibalism, but in 201 he throws some doubt on it, both in Scythia and in Ireland.

Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898):


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